Statement Of James Briers Bollman Mcguarty And Welsh U S Marine Corps
Office Provost Marshal,
8th Army Corps.
Baltimore, Jany. 26, 1865.
Statement of James Briers, late of Richmond, Virginia, who
says: "I am a native of England, came to this country about
1853, remained in Baltimore, Md., about six months then went
to Richmond, and went into the employ of the Virginia Central
Railroad Co., and remained with them up to this tim
"About December, 1863, I was sent into Lancaster County, by
the Railroad Company, to buy pork for them. I remained about
three weeks, bought a great many hogs.
"November 20th, 1864, was again appointed agent to buy hogs
for the Railroad Company, and was sent to Lancaster,
Westmorland and other Counties, where I bought about one
hundred and fifty head in Lancaster and Richmond Counties, and
then returned to Richmond on night of 25th of December.
"I was sent back about January 9th, 1865, into the same
Counties, to buy pork. Then having a chance to escape I made
my way to Westmorland Court House, and there crossed the river
"I stopped with Harvey, who keeps the tavern at the Court
House, and who has a boat, with which he runs the blockade.
John J. Spaulding, a blockade runner, keeps a store at the
Court House; he runs over a great many goods; comes over twice
a week for goods.
"I came over with Spaulding. He thought I was coming over on
business for the Railroad Company, and he was to have his boat
over for me, and some goods, in two days' time. I was to be in
the neighborhood of Caywood's place; he, Caywood, was
recommended to me as all right. Spaulding charged me fifty
dollars in gold and was to bring me back. Gilson, a blockade
runner, came over with me. He is a noted blockade runner, and
he is in this city now. He ships his goods from here by
vessel, marked to New York. The vessel on the way puts out the
goods; I have seen the goods. A Confederate Captain also came
over with me; he intended to get a boat and cross the Bay to
the Eastern shore of Maryland, on a visit.
"Watkins and Pumphrey, two blockade runners at the Court
House, also run the blockade on a large scale; also a man by
the name of Hayden.
"Dr. Spaulding, a brother of John J. Spaulding, came over a
few days since and took his wife over the river with him; she
lived near Leonardtown.
"Judge Irving, Captain Thomas, and Fred. Smith, an old
blockade firm on the lower river, are still in that business,
with the exception of Smith, who was captured by Colonel
Woolley with a large lot of tobacco, and now said to be in
Fort McHenry. Their goods are marked for New York, and landed
down the Bay, so Gibson says, and then run to Smith's Point
Light-house, to a man called James Sutton, who lives on the
Virginia shore of the creek running between Smith's Point and
the Virginia shore.
"Bows, Wells, Hayden and Pumphrey, a party of blockade
runners, have a plan laid to bring over to the father of a
late Confederate soldier, living in St. Mary's County, a noted
horse upon which the son was killed in battle; they are to
come over the first dark night when the ice gives away in Poor
"The names of the blockade runners I know are J. J. Spaulding,
Dr. Eck Spaulding, Frank Simms, Warren, Hayden, Bowers, Wells,
Watkins, Pumphrey, Harvey.
"The blockade runners generally sink their boats in the creek,
when not in use."
(Sworn and subscribed.)
460 15th Street,
Washington, D. C.
Feb. 3, 1865.
Chief of Detectives.
Sir.--I desire to call your attention to the cases of Bollman,
McGuarty, Welsh and another, privates in the U. S. Marine
Corps, wherein I submitted affidavits to you some weeks since.
Their commanding officer has once or twice enquired of me what
disposition had been made of their matter. I told him that I
had in accordance with the instructions of Colonel Woolley,
submitted the papers to you and that you had told me they
would be attended to in due course of business. He is,
however, very anxious to have the matter disposed of as soon
as possible, as the men are at any moment liable to be
detailed on distant duty.
If you will, kindly inform me, as soon as practicable, what
determination you have come to in these cases.
Attorney at Law.
I cannot recall the cases.